Zopiclone: Usage, Doses, and Side Effects
Zopiclone is a nonbenzodiazepine in the cyclopyrrolone class that, as already mentioned, is used in treating sleep disorders like insomnia for short periods of time. It has been known by other names, such as Imovane, and is quite a popular go-to alternative when treating insomnia. Insomnia involves not being able to fall asleep on time or at all, and even when you do fall asleep, you can’t sleep for long without frequently waking up. Sometimes you wake up too early and you can’t fall back asleep or you’re still tired after. Zopiclone helps you fall asleep easily and stay asleep for longer periods, so when you wake up, you feel refreshed.
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How Zopiclone Works
In the body, there are chemicals that are naturally released by the brain that have calming and relaxing effects on the body. One of these calming chemicals that the brain releases is gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
When you take Zopiclone correctly, what it does is that it targets this chemical, GABA, and enhances its effects, which in turn means the brain gets put in a calm state much quicker than usual and stays that way for as long as the drug remains in your system. This helps you fall asleep quicker and stay asleep without interruptions and frequent waking up.
Dosage and strength
The dosage of Zopiclone depends on the strength, as it can be sold in 3.75mg or 7.5mg forms. When you take it, swallow the pill whole without chewing or crushing it and you can take it with or without food.
For adults without any underlying conditions, one 7.5mg tablet moments before pig to bed is recommended. After 1 hour, the drug should take effect.
For older people (over 65 years of age) or people who have kidney or liver issues, the 3.75mg might be advised. However, getting confirmation from a medical professional that you can take this drug is highly recommended.
Side Effects of Zopiclone
While being used to treat insomnia, Zopiclone can have some side effects that the user might experience. Some of these common side effects include:
- Drowsiness or dizziness during the day
- Dry or bitter taste in mouth
- Stomach pains
The above side effects are common, do not persist for long periods of time, and do not require medical attention. However, there are some other side effects that, although rare, could occur, such as memory problems, irritability, mood swings, etc. If you experience any of these or any side effects not listed, seek medical attention.
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Safety and Precautions
Before you begin using the medication or while you use it, you need to ensure that you’re properly using it to maximise its effectiveness and reduce the risks of side effects. Here are some tips to help you out.
- Strictly adhere to the dosage instructions given by your doctor or as found in the instructions leaflet that comes with the drug.
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult a doctor before taking this drug to know the potential risks involved.
- If you have any medical conditions such as kidney or liver diseases, consult a doctor before you begin using this drug.
- This drug reduces alertness, so if you are going to do activities like driving or operating heavy machinery, do not take it.
- Do not consume alcohol while taking this drug because it can severely increase the sedative effects of the drug in the body.